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Prisons and jails around the world house nine million inmates, yet they are all different when it comes to security levels, facilities and state jurisdictions.
Many incarcerated individuals struggle with eating disorders and other consequences of insufficient nutrition, which can continue to influence their lives even after release.
Prison food is much better than that served to aged care residents as inmates and the food provided in 300 acute, long-term care and retirement homes across Canada that use Aramark - a company with a history of instructing employees to provide less than necessary for increased profits.
Food is just one of many areas in institutional life which are heavily regulated, without consideration for individual or cultural needs. This lack of autonomy extends not only to food but also access to bathrooms and who can see you naked while taking a shower. It could also be said for lighting quality or the capacity for physical activity within these environments.
Recent studies of over 1,000 prisons revealed that mass incarceration in the United States often cuts an inmate's life expectancy by two years and kills nearly as many prisoners as suicide does in the community. A significant portion of Americans behind bars are diabetic, obese or suffer from other chronic illnesses that impact their wellbeing. Even when given access to health care through correctional facilities, costs for services are often prohibitive with copayments often running up a small fortune - often at a surprisingly high level of quality too. Thus, eliminating people from prison altogether would be the best solution to combat these statistics.
Food is a universal need, yet eating habits are highly personal and culturally specific. Thus, forcing an uniform food regimen on detainees can lead to numerous complaints. Thus, it's essential that the food served has adequate nutritional value while meeting the standards and tastes of those within prison walls.
All inmates, especially those suffering from illness, should receive a balanced diet. This meal plan should contain enough proteins, vegetables, fruit and milk products to meet the requirements of medical conditions like heart problems or diabetes; additionally it should be tailored to pregnant and breastfeeding inmates' needs.
Furthermore, food and beverages should be provided under hygienic conditions at regular intervals. The quality of these items should be assessed and controlled by independent experts from the penitentiary administration; water must also be monitored for its purity. Moreover, regular sanitary and bacteriological analyses should take place.
Nutritional adequacy is the capacity to meet nutrient needs through intake from one's existing diet or by exceeding dietary guidelines for an individual or group . This can be determined using either the probability approach method or estimated average nutrient requirement (EAR) cut-point method, according to IOM guidance .
A study was conducted in a southwest, rural county jail in the United States to compare macronutrient distribution, caloric composition and diet quality of seven-day cycle menu items and commissary items provided by the jail. Results showed that nutritional content between both menu items was comparable for men and women; however there were significant differences in fats and carbohydrates. Furthermore, more calories were obtained from foods from the commissary than from those on the seven-day cycle menu.
Our research indicates the nutritional content of food in jails is inadequate, and its accessibility poses a health risk to individuals incarcerated in rural counties. Therefore, it is critical to address this issue by researching and advocating for improved access and security of food within these institutions through research and advocacy efforts.
Prison food preparation can be a time-consuming and complex endeavor. Even with careful planning, some items on the menu may prove challenging for staff members to prepare or not be readily available in the kitchen. Meals may then be prepared by either catering companies or cooks themselves before being served to multiple people at once.
When it comes to prison food quality, penitentiaries typically allocate larger budgets and purchase higher quality ingredients due to managing more violent, predatory men who may have an increased likelihood of developing health conditions as a result of their behavior. Prisons tend to prioritize providing nutritious meals for inmates; thus, food costs tend to be more substantial as well.
Some prisoners are vegetarian or have special dietary requirements. They may be provided with tailored recipes and portion sizes according to their needs, as well as access to additional supplemental foods and meals.
Meal preparation in prisons is more complex than that of aged care homes due to the varying needs of residents and the difficulty providing nutritious, safe foods that appeal to those with chronic illnesses. Furthermore, meals are usually prepared under intensely hot and steamy conditions that make it difficult to make nutritious meals or even wash produce properly.
In this study, we observed the food preparation processes for all three main meals and morning and afternoon tea snacks in 36 RACHs across New South Wales and South Australia. Utilizing a structured observation method, we collected detailed observations within these meal environments.
We then asked homes to complete a form outlining how their menu and portion size specifications were created, whether they planned the textured modified menu and how often food fortification strategies were implemented. Results revealed that many households planned the textured modified menu on the day of service with many residents choosing from limited textured options available to them.
This study was conducted in Australia, so its conclusions cannot be generalized to other international contexts. Nonetheless, it suggests a need to better comprehend the food-related experiences and meanings residents associate with mealtimes. To do this, collaboration between residents, staff and policy makers is necessary in order to create shared signification structures that improve RACF mealtime practices.
Though it may be hard to accept, prison food is better than that provided to aged care residents in prison or those living on the street.
Prisoners typically receive two meals daily, though this may differ depending on the size of the institution. Breakfast is typically served in the morning and lunch follows later in the day; dinner typically comes around 5.30pm.
These meals should be similar to those provided in the community, with at least four and a half hours between each meal service. This window of opportunity for inmates ensures they get enough calories and nutrients throughout the day so they remain healthy and active throughout their shift.
Some inmates may require special diets or religious accommodations that must be accommodated. It is essential to notify the catering department of any dietary restrictions so they can prepare a suitable meal for each inmate.
For instance, someone suffering from coeliac disease may be able to receive a gluten-free meal approved by both the chef and nutritionist. Likewise, those with diabetes can receive meals low in sugars and high in fats which meet their requirements.
Inmates should have access to the commissary, a regulated shop where they can purchase small amounts of food like chips and candy. Commissary shopping also serves to supplement prisoners' diets with additional protein and vegetables.
They can only access this service if they possess a valid ID and credit card or someone else deposits money into their account. Unfortunately, many people cannot afford the commissary.
Due to a lack of access to fresh foods while in prison, many incarcerated individuals develop disordered eating and nutritional problems that can last long after release. These effects make reintegration back into society difficult; thus, food should be made available to everyone who needs it in prisons.
Dannii Minogue struggles not to cry as she recounts how Olivia Newton has shaped her life and career. For years, Olivia Newton has been their family muse and inspiration; now her work in music and charity stands as a testament to her strength.
Her music has moved millions of hearts around the globe and she remains a major force in pop culture. She's an inspiring role model to many young women.
Dannii Minogue has described Olivia Newton-John as the kindest celebrity she ever encountered. The singer joins Dolly Parton, Sir Cliff Richard and other of Grease star's celebrity pals in paying homage to her and extolling her radiant warmth and love.
On August 8, 30 years after her initial breast cancer diagnosis, the actress passed away at her Californian ranch. A bevy of celebrities paid their respects at her memorial service - including many from Grease fame!
On a day filled with love and sadness for Olivia's family and friends, as they came together to say their final goodbyes, Chloe Lattanzi and husband John Easterling were the only ones physically present; however, an impressive list of celebrities sent video messages in memory of her.
Throughout her career, she has undertaken various projects such as Australia's Got Talent series, Masked Singer television show and her own fashion line. Additionally, she has featured in multiple commercials for Marks & Spencer.
She has been a prominent figure in the music industry for over three decades, releasing numerous successful albums, songs and dance tracks. In 2001 she signed a six-album deal with London Records, an imprint of Warner Music International; two years later she launched her own radio show entitled Neon Nights on SiriusXM.
Her debut album, Love and Kisses, was released in 1991 and featured a collection of dance tracks as well as several remixes of the original song. It quickly reached number one on the UK singles chart and earned gold certification.
In 1997, Minogue made her stage debut in Grease: The Arena Spectacular. This show sold over 450,000 tickets during its initial season.
After leaving the theatre in 1999, she returned to recording. This time with producers Hugo Lira, Gareth Young and Ian Masterson; their song "Who Do You Love Now?," became a top-selling hit across both the United Kingdom and Australia.
She also featured in the musical The Vagina Monologues and in a play called The Girl from Oz. Additionally, she co-hosted BBC television series Top of the Pops (1997, with David Frost) and toured New Zealand.
Dannii Minogue, younger sister of pop star Kylie Minogue, is a renowned singer and actress. She has also made a name for herself as an established fashion designer and model; additionally, Dannii is also known for her activism on gay rights issues.
At the age of five, her family moved to Australia where her father worked as a professor of German. Growing up in Melbourne, she developed an interest in singing and dancing that continues today.
She began singing at an early age and performed on several television shows such as Skyways and Young Talent Time. Additionally, she was part of the dance group The Sol Four with her sisters, performing together.
Newton-John achieved global fame during the 1970s. Her hit singles "Hopelessly Devoted to You," "Summer Nights," and "I Can Make It If I Try" reached number one on charts around the world, earning her a Grammy nomination.
Her career took off with her role in Grease, which proved a major hit. Its soundtrack album became one of the best-selling albums ever and produced two top 40 hits.
As her popularity increased, she made the decision to pursue a solo career. In 1978 she released her debut album, Totally Hot, with more upbeat music than her earlier work and toured extensively throughout North America, Japan and Europe.
In the 1980s, she starred in two movies. The first, Xanadu (1980), was a box office disappointment but its soundtrack featured her song Magic which reached number one on both US and UK charts.
The second movie was Two of a Kind, featuring John Travolta's cameo appearance. While lacking the star power of Xanadu, this film did well at the box office but wasn't as successful commercially as Grease had been.
Olivia experienced divorce and personal issues throughout the late 1990s. In 2005, she released Stronger Than Before, a collection of songs with life-affirming messages. Soon after, she followed this up with Grace and Gratitude CD and 2007 Christmas Wish album. Furthermore, Olivia published Livwise book of healthy recipes which inspired book signings in New York and London to raise funds for her cancer support centre.
Dannii Minogue has served as a mentor to numerous talent show contestants over the years, such as those on The X Factor UK and Australia's Got Talent. Additionally, she is a fashion designer and an inspiring style icon who encourages women to reach their full potentials.
She has collaborated with many people over the years, but Olivia Newton-John remains close to her heart. At 73 years old, the Grease star passed away after a long struggle with cancer.
In her autobiography My Story, she recounted how she became a role model to millions of young people around the world. To inspire them, she needed to help them overcome their own obstacles and struggles.
Mentoring, she states her primary focus is ensuring the wellbeing of those she works with. Furthermore, she strives to keep them focused on their futures rather than dwelling on regrets from the past.
She also helps them quiet the voices in their head that tell them they cannot accomplish something, so that they can achieve success. This strategy she has employed throughout her life and career to keep herself motivated and strong.
When asked about her role as a mentor, she replied that she wanted to "show them that anything is achievable if you put in enough effort". Additionally, she stressed the importance of young people being aware of their strengths and weaknesses but focusing on the positive things in life.
For over 25 years, actress, singer and model Lisa Marie Presley has enjoyed a successful career in the entertainment industry. She has released five studio albums and featured on various television shows. Furthermore, Lisa is known for her support of various causes.
She is a staunch supporter of gay rights and other issues that impact people across the age range. She has performed at Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras and London nightclub G-A-Y, advocating that same-sex marriage should be legalised worldwide.
Dannii Minogue had to fight through tears while recounting her sister Olivia Newton-John's cancer journey on The X Factor. As a role model for other people in entertainment who had been diagnosed with cancer and sought advice on coping, Dannii served as an inspiration.
She served as a role model for other fashion industry professionals who were struggling to maintain their careers after cancer diagnoses. By offering support and practical advice, she helped them find ways to cope with their situation while remaining positive.
She's currently appearing as one of the judges on The X Factor UK, her first time judging the show and she says she is thoroughly enjoying herself.
However, she is finding it increasingly difficult to maintain her judging career after the birth of her son Ethan. Now, she must balance work and motherhood while still remaining passionate about singing for a living.
Her career began in Australia, where she was a child star on the popular TV show Young Talent Time and later appeared on soap operas. For her role as rebellious teenager Emma Jackson on Home and Away, she earned a Silver Logie nomination.
After she left Young Talent Time, she launched her own fashion line which sold out within ten days and was followed by three summer collections.
She has also starred in several movies. Her first venture, Toomorrow, was a sci-fi flick with terrible special effects.
She eventually decided to give acting another shot and was offered the role of Sandy Olsson in Grease. She and co-star John Travolta had an instant chemistry, leading her to consider returning for another acting venture.
But she was terrified of what could happen if she didn't succeed with this film. She worried it would be like Toomorrow and she wouldn't be able to fulfill such a role.
She went on to become an acclaimed singer-actress and stylist. She's featured on several television shows and designed her own clothing line called Project D. Additionally, she's been the face of numerous ad campaigns such as ModelCo and M&S; plus, she has released multiple albums and toured around the world.
Graham Potter, the new Chelsea manager, is a risk-taker who embraces modern football tactics. He has earned a reputation for developing teams through his unique approach to cultivating squad unity.
Six months into the season, Potter was hired to replace Thomas Tuchel who led Chelsea to two domestic cup finals and a Champions League triumph last term. Unfortunately, since taking over, the former Brighton manager has struggled to inspire his side's performance.
Chelsea have had a difficult start to the season, losing two of their opening three league matches and falling to tenth in the table. Despite facing harsh criticism from parts of Chelsea's fan base, Potter remains determined to fight through it all and return Chelsea back into the top four before season's end.
Though many factors have contributed to Chelsea's poor start this season, one of the biggest is Potter's lack of experience managing large teams. Therefore, it appears unlikely he can replicate Thomas Tuchel's success at Chelsea in recent years.
Tuchel has extensive managerial experience to draw upon when making decisions regarding tactics and team selections. Unfortunately, he has struggled to get the best from his squad members.
Tuchel was able to lead his team to both domestic cup finals last season, inspiring many to believe he can lead them back into the top four this year.
Potter is an inspiring motivator and will have the ability to get the best out of his players. However, there are a few key steps Potter needs to take if he wants to be successful at Chelsea.
A manager must possess a relentless focus on goal. Without this, they cannot be successful on the field.
2. He must comprehend the mentality of top-level players
A manager who understands winning mentalities is essential for any major league team, yet Potter has failed to achieve this in his time at Brighton and Hove Albion, leading to the departure of several key players along the way.
Lastly, Potter must inspire his team to perform at their peak performance level. However, this will be challenging without the backing of the club's management team.
Graham Potter, the new manager of Chelsea, has pledged to persevere despite criticism on social media. Since replacing Thomas Tuchel in September, Potter has presided over four defeats in five games and his side sit eighth in the Premier League table.
Many Blues stars have been left out, suggesting Potter may need to make some major changes in January. With several key players absent due to injury, it's fair to say the former Brighton manager has his hands full.
He has also reshuffled his squad numerous times since taking charge. On Wednesday night, he made five changes from the team that lost 1-0 to Southampton; youngster Armando Broja made his debut in this lineup.
The former Brighton boss boasts an extensive tactical knowledge, and is adept at switching between back-four and back-three systems, usually with two central defenders supporting a centre-forward. He's even tried using attacking players in wingback positions - which has proved successful this season in getting the most out of his strikers.
This system has largely been successful, giving attackers more room to attack and playing more passes into advanced areas that could create issues for opposing defenses. It's essential to note, though, that this system works only if the wing-backs can hold up the ball and prevent cuts-backs or cross-overs from the wide area.
Chelsea have yet to address this issue and must address it if they want to see progress under Potter. In order to do this, Chelsea must improve their defensive play in the middle of the park as their front line has struggled this term to protect space between lines.
Their poor defense has been one of the primary reasons why they have yet to score any goals this season. With three matches completed without a goal from open play, they could continue to lag behind in the top half of the table if they don't take care.
Chelsea have been hit with an injury crisis that has left them without several key players. With Denis Zakaria's absence as a replacement for Jose Mourinho, Chelsea are now down to 10 players across all competitions.
As a result, Potter has been forced to make some difficult choices regarding his starting lineups. Kepa Arrizabalaga believes his side lacks options and as such are finding it difficult to turn the tide in games.
Graham Potter has defied death threats to remain committed to his job and promise that Chelsea will persevere despite any challenges they may face.
Former Brighton and Swansea manager Alan Pardew is determined to win games this season, despite their struggles. His players must put in their best effort, regardless of what comes their way.
He urged Chelsea fans to remain patient as he implements his tactical plans. He noted that his team has been striving hard to learn from its errors, but it's essential they do not lose confidence in the process.
He has experimented with various formations, using both a back four and wing-back at various points; however, no clear style has emerged yet.
Though he enjoys a large following at Stamford Bridge and his players appear to back him, faith can fade without results over time.
He is confident that the right players can be brought in to transform his team's fortunes. Additionally, if his players are given the tools for success, they will follow in his footsteps.
He has already brought in two players from his previous job at Brighton and plans to add more in the future. Although Raheem Sterling was a controversial choice, he has already made an impression and scored a goal against RB Salzburg.
He has also called upon forward Jake Neighbors from the AHL to fill in for Kante and James, who are both out for the season. Now the Blues must find a way to get their star players back for Friday's match against West Ham.
Chelsea have struggled to find their form this season, leading manager Graham Potter through a period of difficulty that has included death threats against him and his family. Now, as he attempts to navigate this difficult period in his career, Chelsea fans are asking for their support.
Potter's deteriorating relationship with sections of the Chelsea fan base has taken its toll on Potter's mental health, and in an effort to help him through this trying time. It serves as a stark reminder of some of the difficulties many managers face during their careers; mental health problems often go undetected due to a lack of awareness or expertise on how best to address them.
According to a recent study by UKG's Workforce Institute, managers have more of an effect on employees' mental health than spouses or partners and even doctors or therapists. Therefore, employers need to recognize their responsibility in employee wellbeing and take proactive measures for support.
Research has revealed that 60% of employees worldwide report their job as the biggest factor affecting their mental health, with similar numbers saying better mental health would take precedence over higher pay grades. This demonstrates how closely connected employees' jobs and job stress levels can be to their wellbeing.
But with results failing to improve, it's becoming more and more challenging for Potter to maintain his status as a top-four contender. This isn't the first time this has happened to him - his former Brighton side had difficulty breaking into the top half of the table before Potter was dismissed in January.
On Wednesday night, his side suffered a crushing 4-0 defeat away to Manchester City in the Carabao Cup - which could prove one of the defining moments of his tenure at Stamford Bridge. Trailing 2-0 after just 30 minutes, Pep Guardiola's men gave it everything they had but could not overcome a 2-0 deficit to exit the group stages.
Potter is determined to turn things around. He believes his team can reach the Champions League next season and has the mental fortitude to get through this trying time. Potter also draws strength from his experiences at Brighton as proof that he can persevere when results don't go his way, which will be put to use when facing Tottenham on Sunday.