What is a Python Enhancement Proposal?

What is a Python Enhancement Proposal?

What is a Python Enhancement Proposal?

PEP 0  Index of Python Enhancement  pepspythonorg

A PEP is a draft specification for a feature, a method, or a class that is to be included in Python. PEPs can have one or more authors. Usually, a single author is responsible for a single PEP, but a team of several can collaborate on a single PEP. The PEP should be free from conflicting infringements, and should be released under CC0-1.0-Universal.

PEP 440 direct references aren't deployed in the wild

PEP 440 specifies that Python packages must store a version number in the __version__ attribute. The version number should consist of a major, minor, and build number. Some developers have broken this recommendation, encrypting version numbers with a '.gb329598' suffix.

PEP 386's versioning scheme was inconsistent with existing metadata standards and installation tools. Developers should follow the versioning scheme outlined in the PEP, rather than trying to implement it independently. This should help make automated dependency analysis easier. However, PEP 440 is not yet deployed in the wild.

PEP 622 introduces pattern matching semantics

In PEP 622, pattern matching semantics are introduced. These new attributes are tuples of unique strings and integers. They will be new and special attributes. The idea behind these new attributes is to reduce the likelihood of inferences that are wrong.

Python 3.10 is scheduled to be released in early May 2021. It includes changes to several PEPs. Most of the new ones contain only changes to details and problems identified in the previous proposals. For instance, the "footguns" problem is resolved. Similarly, the wildcard character and name interpretation in case entries are left unchanged.

The original version of this PEP combined the __match_class__ and __match_container__ into one value. This may have led to unintended changes to container matching. PEP 634 included a new type of pattern matching called AS patterns that allows for different values on both the LHS and the RHS. Nevertheless, it remains unclear whether the new feature will be implemented in future versions.

The new pattern matching semantics in PEP 622 have some differences. The first is that it allows for a psuedo-statement that indicates that the pattern has failed. This type of failure will cause the control to shift to the next pattern. The second type of failure is an omission of the parentheses.

The change to explicit qualifying capture patterns and value constraints has affected sequence patterns. In addition, the syntax for sequence patterns is no longer derived from iterable unpacking syntax. This change is intended to ensure consistency with iterable unpacking syntax.

PEP 12 contains instructions and a PEP template

PEPs are documents that describe a new feature of Python or the standard library. To write a PEP, the first step is to select the appropriate track for the proposal. There are two types of track: Informational and Standards. Informational track PEPs are for new features that contribute to the Python standard library.

The PEP submission site is a web interface that authors use to submit their articles. The site also offers an online peer review system. Authors can track the status of their articles by logging into their account. After you've chosen the right track, go to the PEP website and follow the instructions for authors.

The PEP should be a high level document with relevant information that clearly describes the scope of the project. It should not include appendices, change control tables, or attachments. The PEP should contain detailed information that binds systems, processes, personnel, and resources.

Before you start the PEP program, make sure you've gotten an HIV test. This is to ensure that you're not infected with the virus. It's also important to follow all instructions carefully to avoid adverse effects. The PEP program lasts for 28 days, so it's important to take it exactly as prescribed. If you miss a dose, you should take it within 24 hours. Otherwise, your PEP will be discontinued.

PEP 8 provides guidelines to write readable in Python

The PEP 8 style guide is a useful tool that can make your Python code readable and consistent. Its guidelines include making variable names logical, using sufficient whitespace, and writing comments in a consistent manner. This will make it easier for readers to understand your code and will help make it more friendly to read for non-programmers. However, it is not the only tool you should use to write readable Python code.

The first step is to make sure that your code follows the PEP. Make sure that you always follow the format rules, and avoid using unsafe methods. In Python, there are multiple ways to do the same action, so following the PEP 8 guidelines will help you find the safest method to use. Following the guidelines will also benefit potential employers and collaborators.

Breaking up your code is also an important part of improving readability. For example, use individual cells rather than block of code that spans several lines. This is particularly important when you use Jupyter Notebooks, which offer individual cells to write your code. You can also use a tool called a linter to check code format.

One way to improve readability is to add documentation. In Python, docstrings are textual descriptions of a function that should be provided in the documentation section. The PEP 8 style guide recommends starting docstrings with three quotes. The documentation string can be extended further by adding more information about the function.

When naming objects, developers should avoid using ambiguous names. It is also important to use descriptive names. This will help developers understand what an object does, both in the short and long run. Avoiding the use of ambiguous terms is a way to make your code more readable and maintainable.

Footnotes in a PEP

Footnotes are used to provide reference information. Footnotes are left-aligned blocks of text, separated by blank lines, and should begin with two periods and a space. Reference text should match the target text. If a link is not provided, an underscore must trail the reference text to point to the target.

Footnotes should be inserted using a word processor. They should include in-text citations that appear in parentheses, with the number in superscript. MLA also recommends indentations before the number. It is best to use a word processing program that will automatically insert footnotes.

The PEPs repository contains a PEP template that will guide you through the writing process. It is important to use this template, which contains boilerplate content guidelines. Make sure to grab the source text from a PEP, and not an HTML file. These sources are available at the bottom of each PEP.

What Are PEPs and Meta-PEPs?

PEP 0  Index of Python Enhancement  pepspythonorg

PEPs, or Python Enhancement Proposals, are a large feature of the Python codebase. Some of these are accepted, while others are deferred or withdrawn. A PEP with an asterisk (*) is a slightly changed version of the proposed feature.

Process PEPs

A PEP is a text file that specifies a new feature or extension for Python. These texts are stored in versioned repositories and contain a revision history. This revision history is visible to other Python developers using normal git commands.

A PEP must meet a few minimum requirements before it can be published on the Python site. First, it must be a clear description of the enhancement. Second, it must be a net improvement, and third, it must be "pythonic" (which may be a rather imprecise term). Lastly, it should be clear what the change is and why it will improve Python. Once it is accepted by the Python Steering Council, it will be published in the PEPs index.

If you are an author of a PEP, you can claim it as your own. You should keep in mind, however, that the PEP number is not a guarantee that there are no embarrassing errors in the code. Therefore, it is your responsibility to make sure that the PEP you have submitted is correct.

A PEP editor is someone who oversees the progress of a PEP. This individual monitors the PEP repository for changes and corrects spelling, grammar, and markup mistakes. Editors are not PEP authors, but rather are responsible for administering the PEP workflow.

Another PEP to consider is the use of trailing whitespace in code. Trailing whitespace is not only unsightly, it also makes it difficult to debug. This practice is largely discouraged, as it leads to errors that cannot be traced.

To become a PEP editor, first fork the PEP repository and add yourself to its editors group. Then, write the PEP as a pull request, mentioning the original author and the @python/pep-editors group. Make sure that you follow the repository to keep track of changes.

PEPs need a champion to help them succeed. The person writing a PEP shepherds the discussion in the appropriate forum. If they are not ready for publication, they will be returned to the author for further revision. A PEP can also be an idea to enhance Python or fix a bug.


Meta-PEPs are documents that document the implementation of a specific Python Enhancement Proposal (PEP). These documents can be used to help the Python community understand a PEP and its intended use. This type of document is known as a "reference implementation" and should be inspected prior to adoption. The PEP author is responsible for collecting community feedback and collecting the necessary information for its implementation.

A PEP is a design document for a new feature of Python. It should include a clear technical specification and a detailed rationale for the proposed feature. PEPs are intended to be the primary mechanism for proposing new features and gathering community input.

PEP 622 is a draft specification that enables programmers to match data based on structure. This feature works similarly to a switch/case statement, but instead of comparing two types of objects, programmers can also match based on structure. They can also use guard conditions and type matching in order to extend the functionality of their programs.

PEP 0 is not final, but it has been endorsed by the Python steering council for adoption in December 2020. As the Python community is large, it is still possible to propose changes before the first beta version is released. However, the Python community is often focused on extensions that solve their particular problems and ignore developments they disagree with.

The Python community generally follows PEP 8 in practice. Its recommendations are aimed at making code more readable for end users. As a result, it's expected that a Python project will be able to attract new contributors. This means that potential contributors will expect the code to be written with the PEP 8 guidelines in mind.

The Python Enhancement Proposal has several key points for improving the readability and organization of code. Among these is the indentation method. Indentation should be done using spaces rather than tabs. Tabs should be used only when they are consistent with spaces. If you have Python 2 code that is indented using tabs, you should convert it to spaces only. The Python 3 language does not allow mixing spaces and tabs for indentation.

Standards Track PEPs

In order to submit a PEP to the Standards Track of the Python project, you must have a sponsor. This sponsor can either be a core developer or a member of the Python community. You can ask the Steering Council for approval if you are not a core developer. Once your sponsor agrees to sponsor your PEP, you can present it to the Python Steering Council. The Steering Council can give you guidance and feedback, and you can also take advice from other Python core developers.

When creating a PEP, make sure to follow the standard PEP template. Make sure your proposal is complete and technically sound. Generally, a PEP should propose a new feature or extension to the Python standard library. To write a PEP, you should refer to PEP 1. It will provide the details you need for your proposal. If you have any questions or concerns, you should open a tracker issue on the PEPs repository.

When creating a PEP, make sure you vetting it before submitting it. If you're not sure if your idea is original, ask the Python community to review it first. This will prevent wasted time and ensure that your idea is something that the community would benefit from. Remember that every community has different needs and feasibility issues, so it's best to check whether your idea will be useful to others before you submit it.

PEPs should include a preamble. This includes meta-data about the PEP, such as the PEP number, its description, authors, and contact information. The preamble should also contain a 200-word technical description that explains the proposed change. This part is important when the PEP aims to modify Python's specification. It should explain why the current language specification is inadequate. If possible, it should also mention any important Python ecosystem that supports the new feature.

PEPs should also contain a link to the canonical discussion thread. This could be on Python-Dev or Discourse, depending on the nature of the PEP. You can include this URL in the PEP header after merging.

Informational PEPs

Python Enhancement Projects (PEPs) are standards, methods, and processes proposed by the Python community. They are not ignored and they can be anything from a style guide to a series of 19 statements that explain the philosophy of Python. Whether a PEP is useful or not depends on its purpose and community.

PEPs are written by developers who have write access to the Python codebase. Editors review PEPs and make any necessary changes. They also help to catch grammar, spelling, and markup errors. PEP editors are not required to write code or pass judgment, but they do monitor changes and fix mistakes.

To submit a PEP, follow these guidelines. A PEP should be a concise and clear description of the enhancement that you want to make. It must also represent a net improvement. Furthermore, it must not complicate the Python interpreter and must be a "pythonic" enhancement. Although the word "pythonic" is imprecise, it's best to define it as whatever the Steering Council considers to be "pythonic." Once you have finished creating a PEP, you can post it to the PEP category.

A PEP is a document that describes a new feature in Python. It should include a technical specification and a rationale for the feature. The Python foundation plans to use PEPs to propose major new features. They're also useful for collecting community input and documenting design decisions. The author of a PEP must build a consensus among community members before it is published.

PEP-Delegates are required to notify the relevant authors and sponsor of the PEP. Sponsors provide guidance to PEP authors, and can also become co-authors or PEP-Delegates. Sponsors of a PEP must be members of the Steering Council.

Informational PEPs on Python Enhancement are also tracked by the Python Packaging Authority. These PEPs describe a specific interoperability specification that is being maintained by the Python packaging toolchain. They are recorded in the PyPA Specifications section of the Python Packaging User Guide. Their content may contain clarifications, amendments, and additional guidance for specification implementers. If the specification has not been implemented yet, a PEP should be submitted as a Standards Track Python Enhancement Proposal.

PEP 8 - Style Guide For Python Code

PEP 8  Style Guide for Python Code  Sogang

PEP 8 - Style Guide for Python Code is a document that outlines key guidelines for Python code, and it focuses on beginner to intermediate programmers. The PEP 8 documentation also includes information on more advanced topics. For example, if you're new to Python, you can take a course, 5 Thoughts On Python Mastery, to get a roadmap for mastering the language and develop the mindset needed to do so.


If you've written code in Python before, you probably have some idea of what indentation is. Indentation is a way to set the level of code that is separated from other code. By default, Python uses four spaces for indentation, but you can change this number. However, it is recommended that you use at least one space between each block.

Using indentation is an important part of writing Python code. Using indentation will make your code more structured and efficient. Python's indentation rules are fairly simple. Just remember to make sure your code is legible. You can start by looking at some examples of Python code.

If you're struggling with the indentation rules in Python, you can use the built-in indent guide to assist you. This guide will walk you through the indentation process for each line of code. Although this guide is useful, it's time-consuming and will make it easier to detect indentation errors.

Similarly, you can use indentation to set up blocks that are similar in style. The if statement, for example, is indented one level. The other two statements are indented one level, and belong to the same block. The first one is the "if" statement, while the second is the body of the block.

If you don't use indentation, your code may be hard to read. It is an important way to avoid making your code unreadable. Using indentation in Python code is a good idea for many reasons. It improves the readability of your code, and makes your code more organized.

A lack of indentation in your Python code may result in code errors. This is because Python relies on indentation to tell it where code blocks begin and end. If you don't use it correctly, your code will result in IndentationError, which will cause Python to throw an error.

Python supports a number of object types. You can write functions that use integers and floating point numbers. There is also support for many other object types. To learn more about Python, you can consult online articles and books, or check out the official Python documentation.

Using whitespace

When you write Python code, it is important to use proper whitespace. This helps to group things logically and makes the code easier to read. There are several ways to use whitespace in your code. In this article, we will look at some of them. Read on to learn how to use them properly.

First, let's look at what whitespace is. It is a pre-defined string that is used for space. This includes spaces, tabs, and carriage returns. It is also used to represent exotic Unicode spaces. It is also important to note that it is used as a string constant.

Python has a special method called isspace() which can help you to test if a string contains whitespace. This method will return True if the string contains only whitespace characters, and False if it contains only non-whitespace characters. Whitespace characters include newlines, spaces, tabs, carriage returns, and feeds.

Another way to use whitespace in Python code is by using the Trim operator. Python has three inbuilt methods for removing whitespace from a string. Using them will help you keep your code clean and readable. This is especially important when the code contains a lot of whitespace.

It is important to use the appropriate whitespace when separating two lines of code. Usually, classes and methods should be separated by one blank line. This is to ensure consistency among different Python implementations. Moreover, it is best to use one space after a binary operator. However, you should avoid using too many blank lines, as they can indicate that a function contains many different functionalities.

Object naming conventions

There are several guidelines for object naming in Python, including the use of descriptive and concise names. Proper naming of Python data types and objects makes code more readable. For example, Python recommends using names that are no more than 79 characters long.

The PEP 8 Style Guide for Python Code recommends breaking lines before and after binary operators, so that the code looks consistent with modern Python tools and conventions. For this convention to work in Python, you will need to disable the W503 style option in pycodestyle. Likewise, you should follow PEP 8's guidelines for source code comments. The line length should be 79 characters, with exceptions for tabulating data and strings. If the lines are longer than this, make sure that the line ends are aligned with the first line.

Following PEP 8 Style Guide for Python Code will improve the readability of your code. You'll have a better chance of getting your Python code noticed by the general public if you write better code. PEP 8 guidelines are also helpful for developers who work with other developers. You'll be able to work with others more effectively if your code is easily read and understandable.

In addition to naming conventions, Python also requires you to properly document your code. Generally, you use multi-line comments to create docstrings. A docstring is a textual description of a function. PEP 8 Style Guide for Python Code specifies that a docstring should start with three quotes, although you can include more detail in a docstring if you'd like.

To keep the code readable, you should also avoid using trailing whitespace. Trailing whitespace makes it difficult to trace errors. For this reason, PEP 8 discourages using it inside brackets, before commas and colons, and when combining multiple operators into a single statement. In addition, you should also avoid adding extra whitespace between variables.

In addition to short names, Python code should use underscores to improve readability. However, avoid using the minus - sign, as this can cause import errors. You should also use block comments in Python code. Block comments should begin with a single # at the beginning of a line and end with comment text.

Using docstrings

A docstring is a phrase that ends with a period that describes the function or method that a person is using. The purpose of a docstring is to help people read and understand source code. The docstring should state the function or method's name, input and output types, and return value. It should also provide a short description of its behavior.

Using docstrings in Python code is easy and provides great documentation for your code. As long as you use the right format for your docstrings, you'll get better code readability. Below is an example of how docstrings should look in your code.

A docstring has special meaning. Don't move it to the second statement in a function; that would defeat the purpose of a docstring. The docstring should always be placed as the first statement in a function, class, or module. Otherwise, the user would be unable to follow the instructions.

Using docstrings in Python code is an important technique for better code readability. A docstring is like a comment, but with an emphasis on the content. Instead of adding a bunch of unrelated code, it explains what the function or class does and why it works.

When writing a docstring, remember to make the summary of the function as clear and simple as possible. The docstring should provide an easy reference to the arguments of a function. It should also include a description of the return value. In addition, you should provide documentation about the parameters of a function.

Docstrings can be useful in a variety of situations. They help give people a quick overview of a particular object and can be easily maintained. A good docstring should also be comprehensive enough for people who may not have had the chance to use the object. Ultimately, it's up to you whether you use docstrings in your Python code. You can also customize them for different situations.

In Python, docstrings should be placed in classes. A docstring for a class should explain the class's behavior. Include public methods and instance variables. In addition, if the class is meant to be subclassable, it should also include an interface that other classes may use. Documentation can also include examples.

PEP 8 - Style Guide for Python Code

PEP 8  Style Guide for Python Code

PEP 8 - Style Guide for Python Code was proposed by Guido van Rossum, a Python author. His goal was to improve the readability of Python code. He believed that code is often read more than it is written. In his summary, he covered some of the topics in PEP 8. One of the most important changes in code readability is the use of naming conventions.


Indentation in Python code is a useful tool for making your code easier to read. Indentation determines where the main body of a function should begin. It also determines the indentation of any additional functions called from the main body. Keeping the indentation right is essential to avoid compile errors.

Indentation in Python code is a common programming practice. It makes code cleaner and neater by placing spaces or tabs at the beginning of each statement. You must remember to indent code consistently to avoid errors, especially in large Python code. Using the correct indentation style can make the difference between a readable code and a code that is difficult to read.

Python indentifies code according to the scope of each statement. An example would be a print statement that's indented beneath an if or else statement. The print statement in line 5 is indented one step below the if statement. It's part of a while loop and will execute until the while condition is false.

Indentation in Python code is important because the Python interpreter can't execute the code without indentation. Without proper indentation, the interpreter will throw an error called an IndetationError. Indentation should be consistent throughout a block of code, so the interpreter can execute the code.

A comment is a good way to explain key concepts in a program. Python uses the hash symbol to mark a comment, and it extends to the next newline. If you want to make a multi-line comment, you can use triple quotes instead of indentation.

Variable annotations

You can make your life easier by using variable annotations in your Python code. Annotations make it easy to write code, as they indicate what data type the variable belongs to, and they eliminate the need to write docstrings or comments. They also help make your code more readable.

The syntax of variable annotations has changed slightly in Python 3.5. Instead of putting a pound sign after the variable name, you must place the type after the pound sign. If you remove the type, the variable annotation won't be recognized. However, this change was made to make the syntax more uniform. Adding variable annotations to your Python code can be very useful, especially when you're working with other programmers or when you need to share your code with others.

Variable annotations are useful for defining variables within a class. This can help you quickly find variables and avoid rewriting code. Using variable annotations in a class makes it easier to locate them and makes it easier to read for first-time readers. However, if you try to write t = v in a method, you may confuse syntax highlighters. In that case, you should instead use the ClassVar keyword to store the variable name in annotations.

Variable annotations in Python code can also help you catch type errors before running them. While annotations are not checked by the compiler, they can help make your code understandable and readable.

ASCII compatibility

Python developers are required to follow PEP 8 naming conventions when coding Python code. Some packages may not follow the PEP 8 conventions, but the new code that is developed should. The Python coding style should be consistent within top-level packages and between distinct services. Using PEP 8 naming conventions is highly recommended, but it may be difficult to change existing packages.

The Python style guide aims to help coders create more readable code by implementing standard coding conventions. Based on the Guido and Barry Style Guide, the style guide describes the best practices for writing code in Python. These coding standards aim to make Python code more readable and consistent.

It is also important to follow standard string conversion conventions. For example, you can use __str or __repr to encode your strings. Similarly, you can use __bytes instance to encode your data in UTF-8.

Using double quotes and single quotes is also important. Double quotes and single quotes are equivalent. However, the double quotes are preferred. The coding style guide also recommends that you avoid excessive whitespace. As much as possible, whitespace should only appear after commas, colons, semi-colons, brackets, or parentheses.

When writing Python code, you should always follow the style guide PEP-8. This will help you maintain a clear code and show your professionalism. Additionally, it will make the code easier to read and understand by others. When you are working with others, you may need to share code with them, so it is essential to use proper syntax.

When coding in a Chinese language, it is also important to consider the encoding of your code. Some languages support only ASCII characters. If you're using Chinese, you can use the Chinese characters "ran Er" or "you Shi" to encode your code.

Inline comments

Using inline comments in Python code can make your code much more clear. They are a great way to simplify complex functions and save the code reader time. The comments should be short and concise and should contain precise information. In this article, we will discuss some best practices for writing good Python comments.

Inline comments are usually preceded by two spaces, but some programmers make the mistake of including one. This causes a warning, so it's best to use two spaces instead. You can also use the # character to separate multiple inline comments. However, this method is not recommended for Python coders in non-English speaking countries.

One of the main uses of inline comments is for documentation. It allows successive developers to edit the code and understand it better. In addition, the comments help to clarify code changes that happen during the course of a project. The Python library specifies that lines of code can be up to 79 characters long, while comments must be no longer than 72 characters. If you need to write longer comments, you can use the '#' symbol. In many cases, more than one line of code will be required to explain a complex operation.

Inline comments are most useful when they are descriptive of code behavior. Rather than restating what is already clear, comments should explain why the code is needed and what algorithm it uses to achieve its goal. Inline comments should be used sparingly when the code is not self-documenting. The only times they should be used is when they are necessary for clarity and guidance.

Writing comments in Python code is easy and convenient. There are two main types of comments in Python: inline comments. Inline comments are useful for small pieces of information within functions. They help programmers remember the code and make it easier to understand.


Python is a general-purpose, high-level programming language. Its design philosophy stresses readable code with significant indentation. It also encourages the use of code comments to help developers debug their code. Its documentation can be found online or in print publications. If you plan to use Python on your own project, consider getting documentation to help you learn the language.

The primary focus of documentation for Python code is readability. This means that the documentation should be clear and consistent. For example, a README file should contain general information about the project and include a brief description of its purpose. It should also include the main source of the software and basic credit information.

The documentation should include a Getting Started section, which describes the project, how to install it, and provides simple examples. It should also include a Changelog/Release notes section, which keeps users updated about new releases. It should also have a Development Guide section, which specifies code design decisions, contribution guidelines, and a roadmap for future development.

Python has many features for creating documentation. For example, it supports real-time and static code checking. Advanced Python IDEs like PyCharm have built-in code checkers. Similarly, VS Code offers a static code checker. Additionally, Python has several ways to document code, including comments and docstrings.

Python code documentation should also include a section on the parameters. A function parameter description should explain the type and the values that will be returned by it. For a class, the method name must also be included in the documentation, as well as the return type. The parameter description should be written in the same order as the function signature. It should be as specific as possible.

PEP 8 Style Guide for Python Code

PEP 8 is a style guide for Python code that is recommended by the Python community. It should be followed when writing Python code. Many members of the Python community will tell you that your code does not conform to this standard, and they will not hesitate to point this out to you.


Indentation is a key component of good readability. The PEP 8 style guide for Python code provides rules for indentation in several places. For example, an argument is not allowed to be on the first line, and lines must be separated by at least four spaces. Indentation is also used to denote continuation lines. Indentation can be achieved in two ways: by aligning the indented block with its opening delimiter, or by hanging the block. Either way, consistency is the key.

Another important aspect of indentation in Python code is that it is important to give data types descriptive names. Objects should have descriptive names, and data types should be short and easy to understand. The way in which code is laid out is also important. The Python style guide recommends that lines should not be longer than 79 characters.

A style guide is intended to create consistent code throughout a project, function, or module. But it is not always possible to follow the style guide for every code snippet. There are times when indentation is not possible or when it will make the code less readable. For example, when a program needs to comply with a previous Python version. However, this code should not break backward compatibility.

Whether you are a beginner or a veteran Python programmer, you can use PEP 8 to make your code readable and understandable. These guidelines are designed to make Python code easier to read and easier to memorize. So, whether you're a beginner or a pro, PEP 8 should make your code better-looking.

Using the correct indentation is essential for making code easier to read. A guideline defines the level of indentation that each line should have, so make sure you follow this. It helps Python know what code to execute. For example, if you're using a third party library, you'll want to make sure that each import statement is on a separate line. Similarly, imports should be ordered by build-ins, third-party libraries, and custom libraries.

If you're using a Python compiler, it's important to make sure you use the right syntax for your code. If you're using a comma, make sure it is preceded by a period. This will prevent the Python code style checker from complaining that you're using a trailing comma.


When writing Python code, there are certain conventions that you must follow. For example, comments must begin with a # and be separated from the code by at least two spaces. You must also use the first_var convention when naming variables. It is also important to avoid trailing whitespaces.

In addition to following these guidelines, Python programmers should also avoid using unsafe methods, since Python has many different ways to do the same action. Following the PEP 8 guidelines will make it easier for others to read your code. Moreover, your code will look more professional and readable to collaborators and future employers.

The most basic rule is to use consistent names. Names should be descriptive, not confusing. When naming objects or variables, use descriptive names. This will benefit you in the long run and help you avoid confusion. It is easy to forget what a variable or function does if the name is vague or ambiguous. Following the PEP 8 style guide is essential if you want your code to be read properly.

The PEP-8 Style Guide for Python Code defines the key points of python code design. These include the indentation of lines and import order. Having the correct indentation and number of whitespaces is crucial to maintain consistency within a program. Following the PEP 8 guidelines will also make it easier for others to understand your code if you write it in a clear manner.

When writing code for Python, the code should be indented four spaces. This is called the "four space rule" and can be used for continuation lines as well. This rule also applies to block comments. They should be indented as much as the code itself. Using spaces for indentation is acceptable, but it is not a good idea to mix spaces and tabs. You should also limit your code lines to seventy-seven characters.

Block comments are generally more concise and should follow your code. However, they should be rewritten if you change the code. Inline comments, on the other hand, should be followed by two spaces, so that they do not look cluttered. You can also use docstrings, which are documentation strings that explain a particular block of code.

Module names

The PEP 8 Style Guide for Python Code recommends that you use unique names for the different parts of your code. This way, you can make sure that everyone can understand your code. You should also use appropriate whitespace, good variable names, and comment lines, which will make your code more readable and easier to remember.

Names for Python modules should be descriptive and short. You should avoid using vague names, as they may make your code difficult to understand. For example, you can use a function name instead of a type name. But you can also use lower case for a type name, like str().

You should also make sure that you do not use trailing whitespace. It can make it difficult to trace errors. For this reason, PEP 8 discourages using extra whitespace before commas or colons. Moreover, you should avoid using whitespace after arithmetic operators, as they may be difficult to read.

While Python has a surprisingly diverse set of naming conventions, these standards should help you to use them consistently. While it's a muddle, you should still follow them whenever you write new Python modules, packages, and libraries. Internal consistency is much preferable than external consistency, so it's important to adhere to them.

When choosing module names, it's important to consider the past of your project. Some core modules, such as collections and logging, were created long before the PEP 8 style guide was published. This means that some of them have been renamed, and some have been replaced.

You can also use a utility called pep8 to verify that you have followed these conventions. However, you should note that the utility does not enforce all rules and only helps you check some of them. It also does not enforce docstring conventions, and it will not enforce every rule.

Keeping the PEP 8 Style Guide in mind will help you code better in Python. It will make your code more readable and easier to understand. In addition to making your code more readable, it will make it easier to collaborate with others.

Short, all-lowercase names

If you want to make your Python code easy to read, make sure your objects and data types have short, all-lowercase names. Having readable code will help you communicate with collaborators and potential employers. In Python, there are several ways to perform the same action, so making sure your code is readable is essential.

Python has certain naming conventions that all programmers should adhere to. First, variables and functions should have short, all-lowercase names. If the variable has more than one name, use underscores to separate them. In addition, class methods and variables should have cls and self as the first argument.

In addition to following the convention of using all-lowercase names for objects and variables, Python also encourages the use of short, descriptive names for procedures and variables. In Python, a variable can be named "selection" rather than "selection." But a procedure should be named something more descriptive and start with a verb.

Names should be sensible and avoid common prefixes. While short, all-lowercase names are fine for local variables inside short functions, these names may not be descriptive enough for global variables in a 10,000-line program. A more descriptive name is important for large programs that process different kinds of payment data.

If you're not comfortable with all-lowercase names, use a whitespace character. This is helpful in expressions, but it can also make it harder to combine terms that are related to each other. A whitespace character between two words can be helpful, but it should never be excessive.

PEP 8 - The Style Guide For Python Code

PEP 8 The Style Guide for Python Code

The PEP 8 Style Guide for Python Code is a set of guidelines that will make writing Python code easier. For example, it provides guidelines for avoiding trailing whitespace, naming objects in Python, and writing indented comments. By following these guidelines, a Python programmer can make his or her code easier to read for both novices and experts.

Guidelines for writing Python code in English

In order to ensure that your Python code is read and understandable by people who don't know the language, you need to follow certain rules when writing it. First of all, you must use sensible names for functions, classes, and variables. This will make your code easier to read and debug. Second, always use lowercase words. Also known as pascal case, these lowercase words will make your code easier to read.

Python code that is easy to read is also easier to debug. Additionally, well-written code is more likely to be reused and has fewer errors. This all translates to more productivity for you as a programmer. To learn more about these best practices, take a look at the PEP 8 style guide for Python. It provides guidelines for whitespace and readability and can help you avoid common coding errors.

Second, Python code should be properly formatted and indented. While Python allows you to use tabs, it's recommended to use spaces when indenting. It's better to avoid mixing spaces and tabs, as this could cause problems when the code is being read. Third, you should aim to use four spaces per indentation level.

Third, it's important to follow community-wide coding conventions. Guidelines help developers create more understandable software and maintain consistency throughout the code. PEP 8 is a style guide for Python code, published in 2001. While the guide is not perfect, it does offer a starting point for experimentation and practice.

Fourth, you should avoid using non-printable characters. Use spaces to align parallel code and avoid overlapping lines. Indentation is an important feature of Python. The right spacing can make your code read more easily and help you avoid misreads. Also, make sure to include leading whitespace.

Guidelines for avoiding trailing whitespace

Trailing whitespace in Python code can be problematic. These spaces can change the meaning of data or code, and can lead to a subtle error. Ultimately, trailing whitespace can make your code harder to read and understand. Fortunately, there are some guidelines you can follow to help you avoid this problem.

First, avoid using trailing whitespace around operators. Operators should be separated by the same amount of whitespace on both sides, but there are exceptions. In some cases, extra whitespace is required, such as when using function arguments or combining multiple operators within one statement. In general, you should avoid adding whitespace around operators because it makes code more difficult to read.

Second, always use sensible names for variables and functions. This will save you time and energy in debugging. It will also help to avoid errors that are hard to diagnose. Similarly, make sure to use lowercase words and phrases whenever possible. This is known as "camel case" or "pascal case".

Lastly, don't use backslashes in Python code. These characters break significant indentation. It forces the grammar to accept breaks, which can make your code unclear and confusing. Using backslashes is a common mistake, so it's better to stick with the guidelines above.

Trailing whitespace can also create issues with source control systems. If whitespace is added before a commit, many source control systems flag the difference as a diff, so it's a good idea to remove it before checking in. Moreover, a few code conventions require that trailing spaces be removed before check-in.

PEP 8 also requires the use of good variable names, sufficient white space, and comments to help you write more readable code. Following these guidelines will make your code easier to understand and share with others. You can use lint or autoformatters to check your code and ensure it adheres to the guidelines.

Guidelines for naming objects in Python

In Python, naming objects is an important part of the programming language. There are certain conventions that must be followed when naming objects. For example, it's bad practice to use abbreviations that are difficult to pronounce and can't be searched by Google. A better alternative is to use a meaningful name that will make sense to people.

When naming objects in Python, it's important to use a meaningful identifier. The first character should be a non-numeric character. In addition, identifier names should be case-sensitive. For example, 'ASH' should not be used as an identifier. The length of the identifier can be as long as the programmers want, but the PEP-8 standard recommends that it not exceeds 79 characters. It is also best to avoid using underscores as the first character in identifier names.

To ensure that your variables are correctly named, you must make sure that their names are meaningful and mnemonic. The mnemonic names should make it easy for a casual observer to understand what the object's value is. You should also avoid using one-character variable names, except for temporary throwaway variables. Common names for temporary variables are i, j, k, m, and n for integers, and c, d, and e for characters.

In addition to the guidelines for naming objects in Python code, it is important to follow the rules for using whitespace. It is important to avoid overusing whitespace in expressions, since too much whitespace makes it difficult to combine terms. If you use whitespace in a program, it can make it harder for other programmers to read your code.

To improve readability, Python users should use sensible names for classes, functions, and variables. This saves time and energy and prevents confusing errors. Moreover, it is also recommended to use lowercase words instead of uppercase letters. For example, Python built-in classes are usually lowercase.

Python also has a feature called comments. This allows programmers to write comments, which provide context to their code. These comments are also known as inline comments. They should be short and concise, and should not be more than 72 characters.

Guidelines for writing indented comments

Using indentation in Python code allows you to easily differentiate different sections of code. It is important to follow certain code quality guidelines and standards when writing Python code, to make your code easy to read. We'll discuss these practices in this blog post. First, you need to keep in mind that Python is a highly structured language, so it's important to use indentation to separate different sections of code.

Second, you must follow the guidelines of the Python language to properly format comments in your code. Indentation is enforced in Python code, so that it looks neat and consistent. For example, if a statement begins with an if statement, the code must be indented. This is also true for while statements, functions, and classes.

Third, indented comments should be short, simple, and informative. They are a great way to explain the logic behind a statement or method. However, they should be separated from the statement by two spaces. You can also use documentation strings, which are a standardized way to create documentation for classes, functions, and methods. Generally, documentation strings start at the beginning of functions, classes, and modules.

Fourth, comments should be legible for others. This means using hash (#) symbols. It's also important to follow the guidelines for block comments. Block comments are composed of several lines of code, and can be used to explain complicated code. They are indented the same level as the code.

As long as your code is consistent with the Python style guide, it will be easier to read. These guidelines help you avoid ambiguities and make your code easy to understand. They are not a substitute for proper syntax and code structure. Ultimately, you should use what works best for you.

The purpose of comments is to make your code easier to read. A well-written comment can make your code more readable and professional. When used properly, comments can help explain complicated code to others. As a result, it's critical to follow proper grammar rules and punctuation.

PEP 8 Style Guide for Python Code

PEP 8  Style Guide for Python Code  pepspythonorg

The PEP 8 Style Guide for Python Code is a set of guidelines for Python code design. Specifically, it discusses key points of Python code layout, such as indentation and import order. It also outlines key points such as the use of spaces and tabs. Generally, the proposal recommends using four spaces per section.

Indentation in Python code

Sometimes, your code will produce an indentation error. This occurs when code blocks end without the proper indentation. To fix this error, you must learn the reason for the error and fix it in the correct way. To start, check the number of spaces between the lines of your code. If it is too short, it means that the code needs to be indented.

Indentation in Python code is important to maintain the structure of your code. Each code block should be indented the same number of spaces. For example, a while loop should contain four spaces. If there are multiple indented statements inside the while loop, the control will go to the inner if-else block.

The indentation of a block of code is calculated based on the number of whitespaces before the first statement begins. The rest of the block will follow this indentation, maintaining the correct amount of tabs and whitespaces until the last statement. This is true even for nested blocks.

Another mistake that can lead to an error is mixing spaces and tabs. The mistake can result in a TabError, which can cause the program to crash. This is why it is important to choose an indentation convention and follow it. For example, a code block can be printed by using print('Logging on...') or print('Incorrect password'). A code block can be any length, but the indentation in Python must be correct.

Using indents properly will result in a cleaner code. They also help the code to be readable. The indentation is a way for the program to identify block structures. They can also help to reduce the amount of lines of code. And, they are also a way of preventing errors.

When writing code in Python, make sure you use a good text editor that lets you replace tabs with spaces. This will ensure that the lines in your code are formatted consistently. When it comes to indentation, check the Python style guide to see what's recommended. The standard Python style guide recommends using spaces in your code.

The Python interpreter will throw an error if there is indentation error in your code. If this error occurs, it is most likely a conflict between two different levels. The first use of indentation sets the expectation for the rest of the code block. Similarly, Python suggests 4 whitespaces between iterations.

Python's style guide recommends using the PEP8 standard for code formatting. Atom, for example, has a feature that supports PEP8 indentation. It eliminates the need for backspace and space bar mashing. It also supports both hanging and opening-delimiter-aligned indents.

Choosing sensible names for sections of code

It's crucial to choose sensible names for sections of code. The name you choose for a section should reflect the purpose or intent of the section. Choosing names that convey this intention is important, as it makes coding easier to understand. This process requires time and effort, but the time you spend choosing good names will save you from time wasted trying to remember what you meant. Choosing sensible names for sections of code is not an easy task, and it may not be possible to come up with good names in the first try. However, there are a few tricks that will help you get good names for your code.

Avoiding trailing whitespace

Trailing whitespace in Python code is a common problem that creates subtle errors. It can alter the meaning of data and code, leading to incorrect function calls and code that is difficult to read. Trailing whitespace should be avoided wherever possible. A syntax highlight is an excellent way to identify trailing whitespace in your code. In addition, some editors and style checkers will raise warnings when they encounter trailing whitespace, while others will automatically trim it for you.

One way to avoid trailing whitespace is to use double quotes in Python. However, double quotes are not the only way to quote a string. Double quote characters are often used for double quotes in Python code, in accordance with the conventions laid out in PEP 257.

Trailing whitespace is generally the last non-whitespace character on a line, such as a tab or space. Trailing whitespaces are also unnecessary and can lead to nasty bugs, especially in multi-line strings. While this may not sound like a big deal, people who type very slowly usually find this annoyance.

It's important to avoid trailing whitespace in Python code when using parenthesized expressions. This can result in code that's unclear or difficult to read. To avoid trailing whitespace, use double quotes wherever possible. These spaces will make code easier to read and maintain.

Another way to avoid trailing whitespace in Python code is to use the strtrim() function. This function will trim trailing and leading whitespaces from a string. This function also removes newline characters. If you use strtrim, be sure to remove trailing whitespaces before using the function.

You should also avoid trailing whitespace when coding CSV files. This is because trailing whitespace can cause problems with data consistency. This is because some CSV parsers consider it part of the value. For example, a CSV file that has trailing whitespace is not a good candidate for parsing. If you need to use trailing whitespace in a CSV file, you should use double quotes.

When using function annotations, you should use PEP 484 syntax. These guidelines are intended to increase readability and consistency. However, you can experiment with different styles and formats outside of the stdlib. One option is to mark up large third-party applications and libraries. After that, you can observe how well your code can be read. It's recommended that Python developers follow PEP 484 style guidelines, but you can use your best judgment when you need to.

Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia Search

wikipedia the free encyclopedia search

When you're looking for information, Wikipedia is one of the best resources for this. You can use its search tools to find anything you're looking for and you can also view articles in offline mode. It also has an app to sync reading lists and customize your experience. It is free and easy to use.

Wikimedia Commons

Despite the fact that Wikipedia is the world's largest free encyclopedia, the website's mission is quite different from that of most other websites. While other Western websites are supported through commercial services and advertising revenue, Wikipedia is a charitable endeavor and is driven by the belief that knowledge is a public good that should be freely accessible to the public.

Wikipedia uses the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike (CC BY-SA) license to allow its content to be freely distributed. It also requires that any copy produced be licensed under the same license. This means that you may sell a copy or redistribute it commercially, but you must always provide the original to the recipient. All Wikipedia content is copyrighted by default. It is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License or the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The Wikimedia Foundation is a nonprofit organization based in San Francisco. Its mission is to encourage the creation and development of free content. Its largest collaboratively edited reference project is Wikipedia, which is ranked among the top ten websites on the Internet.

Wikimedia Commons has 45 million free media files, ranging from breathtaking landscape photographs to audio and video files. Many of these files are donated by large media organizations, educational institutions, and individuals. These files are easily accessible by using search engines. The number of files uploaded to the site grows rapidly every year.

While the discussion areas in the Commons are not as specialized as those on Wikipedia, they tend to be quite active. The Commons Village pump, for example, is a general noticeboard that can be used to discuss policy and technical issues. It also has a separate copyright forum for copyright-related issues.

Wikimedia Foundation

The Wikimedia Foundation is a nonprofit organization with headquarters in San Francisco, California. It is registered as a charitable foundation in the United States under local laws. Its mission is to improve the quality of life for everyone by promoting the use of free and open source software. The organization was founded in 2003 and has grown into one of the most influential and well-known organizations in the world.

The Wikimedia Foundation is responsible for grantmaking programs, fundraising, strategic partnerships, communications, marketing, public relations, and global awareness campaigns. It also builds collaborative tools and collaborates with thousands of volunteer developers and community members. At the time of this writing, its endowment had reached more than US$100 million.

Wikimedia first filed its lawsuit in 2015. The suit was initially dismissed in district court, but the Fourth Circuit court of appeals reversed the decision. In their lawsuit, Wikimedia cited extensive public evidence about Upstream surveillance and asserted that the NSA is capturing trillions of communications. The Wikimedia Foundation is now awaiting the court's decision on whether to file a petition for Supreme Court certiorari.

The Wikimedia Foundation is the non-profit organization that oversees many free-content projects. It has several flagship projects, including Wikipedia and Wiktionary. It also has a huge collection of photos, videos, and sound files on its Wikimedia Commons. Although the Wikimedia Foundation is an independent organization, it does contribute to it through donations.

The Wikimedia Foundation was created in 1996. The foundation's mission is to develop wiki-based projects that can be used by the public free of charge. Some of its projects include the multilingual encyclopedia Wikipedia, the multi-language dictionary Wiktionary, and the encyclopedia of quotations Wikiquote. It also manages a collection of e-book texts called Wikibooks. It has a sub-project called Wikijunior which focuses on books for children.

Wikimedia Foundation policies

Wikimedia Foundation policies govern how the organization does its business. These policies are intended to ensure that Wikimedia is a global community, and that it is committed to diversity. To this end, Wikimedia Foundation Trustees are selected from amongst its membership by community members. Before a candidate is elected, they undergo a background check. This is a fundamental requirement for good governance, due diligence, and duty of care. These checks are typically renewed every four to six years.

Wikimedia Foundation policies are available for viewing on the policy page. The policy page is editable like any other page on the site. Users are encouraged to edit these pages. However, please note that policy pages are highly sensitive and complex. As such, users are encouraged to take care with their edits to ensure that they reflect the views of the community. They should also avoid introducing additional sources of error.

The Wikimedia Foundation has policies that describe the roles and responsibilities of the board and its officers. These policies also outline how Trustees can interact with other members of the organization. Trustees can be involved in decisions about the direction of Wikimedia. However, they cannot directly participate in the day-to-day activities of the organization. This can lead to conflict of interest.

The Wikimedia Foundation has also adopted a Human Rights Policy. This policy describes its commitment to protect and promote human rights. This includes freedom of expression, which is protected under Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It also states that the Foundation will monitor and conduct human rights due diligence, influence partners to promote human rights, and provide remedies for violations of human rights. Regardless of where the Wikimedia Foundation operates, it must consider the human rights of all its partners.

Wikimedia Commons reference desk

Wikimedia Commons is the world's largest free-use image and text library. You can also check out Wikiversity, a collection of educational resources, or Wikibooks, a collection of free e-books. The Wikimedia Foundation also supports hundreds of thousands of volunteers, working to build the largest free knowledge collection in history. Projects supported by the Wikimedia Foundation include Wiktionary, an online dictionary describing all words in any language.

Wikimedia Foundation wiki software

The Wikimedia Foundation makes wiki software available for free on the Web. The code is available under the GNU Free Documentation License, which is also known as the General Public License. The code enables Wikimedia Foundation software to load a web page in a new frame when a frame-breaking attack is detected.

As a founding member of Wiki Education, Andres has over seven years of experience on Wikipedia. He's written features for The Wikipedia Signpost and served as a Wikipedia editor. In 2010, he joined the Wikimedia Foundation to help pilot its education program. Since then, he's been developing dashboard technology and training modules for students. He lives in Denver, Colorado, with his wife and children. His hobbies include theatre, cooking, hiking, and watching sports.

In addition to managing the software, the Wikimedia Foundation oversees fundraising, strategic partnerships, grantmaking programs, and communications. These programs are aimed at expanding the community's use of Wikimedia projects. The Wikimedia Foundation also coordinates a network of volunteers who contribute to the community. The organization's mission is to provide free knowledge resources to the world.

The Wikimedia Foundation has a Meta-Wiki for discussing issues across the Wikimedia projects. It also hosts Wikipedia, the world's largest free encyclopedia. It was founded in 2001. It's run on MediaWiki software. It's popular and a widely-used resource.

Initially, Wikipedia was run on a Perl program called UseModWiki. It used CamelCase for hyperlinks in articles, but later implemented the double bracket style. In January 2002, the Wikimedia Foundation switched to a PHP wiki engine with a MySQL database. Magnus Manske, who had designed the PHP wiki engine, developed the PHP version specifically for Wikipedia. After numerous modifications and extensions, the website was able to expand its scope. Eventually, it was named MediaWiki.

How to Improve the Quality of Content on Online Wikipedia

online wikipedia

Changing the look and functions of online wikipedia

Many online wikipedias allow users to change the look and functions of their articles. Many of these wikis use plain-text editing, which has less specialized conventions than HTML and CSS. This limits the number of changes that can be made by users. However, it helps maintain consistency of look and prevents users from implementing code.

Increasing the number of entries in Hindi, Bengali, and Swahili

A lot of people who live in Africa are bilingual, so it would be helpful to increase the number of entries in these languages in dictionaries. For instance, Swahili has sixteen million native speakers and 98 million total speakers. The language is very difficult to learn, but the percentage of people who speak it as their second language is high.

Assessing the quality of wikipedia's health content

Wikipedia's quality of health content has recently been assessed, with various methods. Several medical specialties have analyzed its content. Using a methodology known as volatility, we can measure the amount of time that a piece of content remains valid. We also take into account how long a piece of content is visible before it is reverted.

The quality of health information is crucial, especially in the online environment, and Wikipedia is a popular destination for people seeking accurate information about health. The English Wikipedia has more than forty thousand health articles, and the most popular medical articles receive more than two billion views each year. A good example of Wikipedia health content is the COVID-19 pandemic, which is the most popular article in the English Wikipedia. However, the wrong health information can lead to undesirable outcomes.

In this study, we examined Wikipedia's health content, using global and country-specific data. Articles on COVID-19 and HIV/AIDS were popular, and their popularity correlated with the number of deaths worldwide and in the regions that had a high number of COVID-19 cases. Furthermore, we examined the degree to which the articles were linked to other articles related to the disease.

Wikipedia uses a system to classify articles into categories of quality. The highest quality articles are FA, while the lowest quality articles are Stubs. However, some authors choose articles based on various initiatives relating to improving their topics.

Creating a mobile version of wikipedia

One way to improve Wikipedia for mobile users is to make it easier to navigate the site. Adding prominent images to every article makes reading more enjoyable. Users can also use a "read more" feature at the bottom of the article to access three related pages. The new look also makes the site more user-friendly.

Wikipedia wants to expand its audience, especially in the developing world, and has launched a Wikipedia Zero campaign to encourage telecom companies to include the site in their phone plans. Some internet specialists believe that a mobile version of Wikipedia should include a "like" button that allows readers to flag errors in articles or suggest articles that need updating. In addition to mobile-friendly features, creating a mobile version of Wikipedia could increase participation from users.

One thing to keep in mind when creating a Wikipedia app for mobile is that it needs to be customizable. While reading articles on a mobile device, you should try to make the app match your phone's theme. You can change Wikipedia's theme to match the phone's dark mode. Dark mode changes the background color from white to a dark blue. Black mode completely blots out the background, which is great if you're using an OLED screen. Another feature to consider is Sepia mode, which tints the background brown.

Another benefit of a mobile version of Wikipedia is that users can bookmark articles and organize them into lists. These lists can be shared across devices, and they can be easily sorted and searched offline. Users can also choose to download individual articles or complete articles from the app. This helps users save data and reduce their monthly data usage.

Disputes over vandalism on wikipedia

Wikipedia users have a responsibility to respect the intellectual property of others, and vandalism is an inappropriate way to do this. In fact, Wikipedia policies prohibit vandalism in some cases. But some types of vandalism may be harmless or even beneficial. In some instances, vandalism may be caused by an effort to censor content. For example, malicious use of IP addresses or user accounts can be vandalism.

Vandalism on Wikipedia is a serious matter, and can result in global lockouts and account bans. The guidelines suggest that users evaluate edits in good faith, but that doesn't make vandalism OK. A user can get banned for repeatedly violating these policies.

Fortunately, vandalism on Wikipedia is rarely permanent. There are ways to protect pages from vandals, such as semi-protection. While semi-protection is temporary, the goal is to discourage vandals from returning to the protected page. The Wikipedia community, however, is reluctant to completely cut off editing to any IP address for a long period of time. However, people should remember that there is no place for personal attacks and fighting on Wikipedia. And remember, "two wrongs don't make a right": don't insult the vandals or threaten to do them harm.

Some people who accuse others of vandalism may use a semi-plausible edit summary to defend their actions. But it is better to consider this as a content dispute. An accusation of vandalism may be a mere misguided edit, and in that case, the editor who made the edit is probably not the culprit.

Using wikipedia as a learning tool

Using online Wikipedia as a learning tool has a range of positive effects. The wiki initiative has been rated as satisfactory by a majority of students, and its use has led to significant improvements in knowledge acquisition. A recent study found that students are more likely to feel involved in the learning process when they use the wiki.

Instructors should familiarize themselves with the Wikipedia platform. An instructor who is unfamiliar with the site will have trouble teaching students effectively. If an instructor has never edited a Wikipedia article, then they will have trouble answering questions or offering useful advice. Instructors should also take time to explore existing Wikis to find ideas. They can also develop mini-assignments that give students an early taste of using the wiki.

When using a wiki, educators should establish clear assessment rubrics and provide models for students to see what constitutes good work. Wikis should be used in a safe, supportive environment that promotes experimentation and positive outcomes. Teachers should not assume their students are technologically proficient, so it is crucial to factor in time to train them. For example, assign a short, simple first exercise for them to get familiar with the wiki and encourage constant participation.

A significant number of students contribute to Wikipedia, but a relatively small proportion of students realize that the site is open to editing and that it is not the only source. As a result, they often use outdated forks of Wikipedia.

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